June 8, 2013

White-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus)

Old classification:
Canary-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus versicolurus)

New classification:
White-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus) = yellow and white on the wing span

Photo via animalphotos.me
White Wing Publications:
  • Brightsmith, Donald. "White-winged and Yellow-chevroned Parakeets" in Poole, A. and F. Gill, eds., The Birds of North America, No. 385-387, National Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, 1999.
  • Diamond, Jared M. and John W. Terborgh. "Observations on Bird Distribution and Feeding Assemblages Along the Rio Callaria, Deptment of Loreto, Peru," The Wilson Bulletin," (Sep. 1967) 79:273-282 (re: B. versicolorus: 276,280).
  • Leck, Charles F. "Observations of birds at Cecropia trees in Puerto Rico," The Wilson Bulletin," (Dec. 1972) 84:498-500 (re: B. versicolorus).
  • Also see the Yellow-chevroned Parakeet page. Canary-winged parakeets (now called Yellow-chevroned) and White-winged parakeets were often grouped together as the same bird, so many articles may be about both of these Brotogeris parakeets.

Yellow-Chevroned Parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri)

Old classification:
Canary-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus chiriri)

New classification:
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri) = yellow chevron mark on wing span (no white)

Photo via bib.ge
Print Resources:
  • Arrowood, Patricia C. "Importation and Status of Canary-winged Parakeets (Brotogeris versicolorus) P.L.S. Muller) in California," in Conservation of New World Parrots (1981): 425-429.
  • "Back Talk: Canary Wings--They Love L.A.," Bird Talk, 19 (Sept. 2000): 4.
  • Brightsmith, Donald. "What Eats Parrots?" Bird Talk, Feb. 2000.
  • Brightsmith, Donald. "White-winged and Yellow-chevroned Parakeets" in Poole, A. and F. Gill, eds., The Birds of North America, No. 385-387, National Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, 1999.
  • Brightsmith, Donald. "Wild Science: Great Escapes: Canary-Winged Parakeet," Bird Talk, 19 (June 2000): 26-33.
  • "Dear Bird Breeder: Feral Flocks of Brotogeris," Bird Breeder, 67 (Feb. 1995): 8.
  • Davis, B. "Canary-wings Rear One Youngster," Cage and Aviary Birds, 18 (Jan. 1979): 6.
  • DeLucca, E.J., L.R. Shirley and C. Lanier. "Karyotype Studies in Twenty-two Species of Parrots (Psittaciformes: Aves)," Revista Brasileira de Genetica, 14 (1991): 73-98 (mentions Tui and canary wing).
  • Doolen, Mike and Nancy Doolen. "Ask the Experts: Psittacine Territoriality," Bird Talk, 8 (Aug. 1990): 22. (re: canary wing)
  • "Fancy Talk: Canary Wing Parakeets," Bird Talk, 5 (Jun. 1987): 87-88.
  • Gallerstein, Gary A. The Complete Bird Owner's Handbook, New York, NY: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1994): 276 (briefy mentions canary wing).
  • Gaskin, Jack M. "Herpesvirus Infections" in Companion Bird Medicine, ed. Elisha W. Burr, Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press (1987): 107-110 (canary wing: 109).
  • Harris, Robbie. "Breeding the Canary-Winged Parakeet," Bird Breeder, Oct. 1996, v. 68, no. 5, p. 24-27.
  • Harris, Robbie. "Canary Wings Revisited," Bird Breeder, 69 (Apr. 1997): 4.
  • Koepcke, Marie. The Birds of the Department of Lima, Peru, 2nd ed., Newtown Square, PA: Harwood Books, 1988: 75 (mentions canary wing).
  • Kricher, John C. A Neotropical Companion, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989: 261 (canary wing) & 234-235 (orange chin).
  • Leck, Charles F. "Observations of birds at Cecropia trees in Puerto Rico," The Wilson Bulletin," (Dec. 1972) 84:498-500 (re: B. versicolorus).
  • Mizera, Richard. "Small Birds: Take Flight With the Canary Wing," Bird Talk, 20 (July 2002): p. 74-75.
  • Molenda, Sandee L. "The Affectionate Canary-winged Parakeet."
  • Morlan, Joe. "Feral Parrot Populations in San Francisco."
  • Navas, J.R. and N.A. Bo, N.A. "The Distribution of the Canary-winged Parakeet in Argentina," Hornero, 14 (1996): 90-92.
  • "The Next Box: Canary Winged Parakeets," Bird Talk, 7 (May 1989): 70.
  • Owre, Oscar T. "A Consideration of the Exotic Avifauna of Southeastern Florida," The Wilson Bulletin," (Dec. 1973) 85:491-500 (B. jugularis: 494, 502/: 492, 502,506-508).
  • Polinski, Yvonne. "Handling BeeBee," Bird Talk, 10 (Feb. 1992): 106-107 (re: canary wing).
  • Porter, Stephanie. "Mailbag: Canary-wing Sighting." Bird Talk (Nov. 2006): 4.
  • Samuelson, Phillip. "Iquitos, Peru: A Bird Lover's Paradise," Bird Talk, 15 (April 1997): 30-32,34-38,40 (briefly mentions Tui & canary wing).
  • Skinner, Martin. The Proper Care of Parrots, Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H. Publications, Inc., 1992: 128-129 (canary-wing photo & caption).
  • VanDerHeyden, Nicole. "Avian Tuberculosis: Diagnosis and Attempted Treatment," Proceedings of the Association of Avian Veterinarians (1986): 203-214 (mentions grey cheek and canary wing).
  • Vane, E.N.T. "Breeding the Canary-winged Parrakeet (sic)," Avicultural Magazine, 60 (1954): 227-231.
  • Vriends, Matthew M. "Canary-Winged Parakeets and Other Brotogeris," American Cage-Bird Magazine, 62 (Oct. 1990): 58-59.
  • Wiley, James W., F.R. Noel, F.R. Synder; and Rosemarie S. Gnam "Reintroduction as a Conservation Strategy for Parrots" in New World Parrots in Crisis: Solutions from Conservation Biology, 1988: 168-171 (mentions canary wings).
  • Vriends, Matthew M. Simon & Schuster's Guide to Pet Birds, New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc., 1984 (canary wing: 170/orange chin: 171).

Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis)

The Orange-chinned Parakeet is also known as the Tovi parakeet or the Bee Bee parrot.

Photo via avconline.avc.edu
Publications mentioning Orange Chins:
  • Brightsmith, Donald. "Nest sites of wild parrots," Bird Talk, Feb. 2000.
  • Callender, G.R. and J.S. Simmons. "Trichomoniasis (T. columbae) in the Java sparrow, Tovi parakeet and Verraux's dove," American Journal of Tropical Medical Hygiene, 17 (1937): 579-585.
  • Clark, George A., Jr. "Avian Bill-Wiping," The Wilson Bulletin," (Sep. 1970) 82:279-288 (re: B. jugularis: 282).
  • Harris, Robbie. "The Tovi Parakeet," A.F.A. Watchbird, 1 (1988): 61-63.
  • Hood, R. "Tovi Parrakeets (sic)," Foreign Birds, 27 (1961): 74-?.
  • Janzen, D.H. "Brotogeris Jugularis," in Janzen, D.H., Costa Rican Natural History, Chicago University Press: Chicago, 1984: 548-550.
  • Janzen, D.H. "Ficus ovalis seed predation by an orange-chinned parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis) in Costa Rica," Auk, 28 (1982): 841–844.
  • Kricher, John C. A Neotropical Companion, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989: 261 (canary wing) & 234-235 (orange chin).
  • Kricher, John. "Neotropical Birds" in A Neotropical Companion, Chapter 12 [mentions orange chin].
  • Kroodsma, Donald E., Edward H. Miller, and Henri Ouellet, Eds. Acoustic Communications in Birds, "Song Learning and Its Consequences," vol. 2, Academic Press: New York (1982) (orange chin).
  • Kroodsma, Donald E. and Edward H. Miller, Eds. Ecology and Evolution of Acoustic Communication in Birds, Cornell University Press: Ithaca & London (1996): 115,401 (orange chin).
  • Martin, Thomas E. and James R. Karr. "Temporal Dynamics of Neotropical Birds with Special Reference to Frugivores in Second-Growth Woods," The Wilson Bulletin," (March 1986) 98:38-60 (B. jugularis).
  • Power, Dennis M. "Agonistic Behavior and Vocalizations of Orange-chinned Parakeets in Captivity," Condor, 68 (1966): 562-581.
  • Power, Dennis M. "Antiphonal Dueting and Evidence for Auditory Reaction in the Orange-chinned Parakeet," Auk, 83 (1966): 314-319.
  • Power, Dennis M. "Epigamic and Reproductive Behavior of Orange-chinned Parakeets in Captivity," Condor, 69 (1967): 28-41.
  • Vriends, Matthew M. Simon & Schuster's Guide to Pet Birds, New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc., 1984 (canary wing: 170/orange chin: 171).